10 Steps to Strengthening Rehabilitation and Reintegration Efforts for Terrorism Offenders, Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighters, and Victims of Violent Extremism
Managing the return of the many individuals who have traveled to conflict zones and the growing number defecting from terrorist groups is a priority for many countries. Effective and sustainable rehabilitation and reintegration (R&R) programs are essential to addressing this challenge and preventing violent extremism over the long term. Governments cannot do this work alone and should work with civil society and other local actors. Effective R&R requires attention and action at the state, community, public discourse, family, and individual levels. Because R&R is an individual, psychosocial process that requires the sustained engagement and involvement of local communities, families, and other supportive social networks, civil society has a unique contribution to make. Civil society organizations (CSOs) often have the trust of and access to the affected individuals and communities in ways that government officials do not.